6 Types of Psychotic Disorders

Psychotic disorders are a group of mental health conditions that change your sense of reality. They make it hard to know what’s real and what isn’t. When you have these disorders, you might see and hear things that don’t exist or believe things that aren’t true.

Scientists don’t know exactly what causes psychotic disorders, but they’ve got some theories. Viruses, problems with how certain brain circuits work, extreme stress or trauma, and some forms of drug abuse may play a role in some people. You also may be more likely to get a psychotic disorder if you have a family member who has one.


Schizophrenia

If you have this condition, you might have hallucinations, which means you hear voices or see things that aren’t real. You could also have delusions – strong beliefs in things that aren’t true.

Schizoaffective disorder

This condition mixes symptoms of schizophrenia with a mood disorder – mania or depression. If you have the depressive type, you often feel sad and worthless. If you have the bipolar type, you have periods of mania – racing thoughts and extreme happiness.

Schizophreniform disorder

It has the same symptoms as schizophrenia, but they’re temporary. Hallucinations and delusions last between 1 and 6 months, although sometimes your symptoms can return later. This disorder is much less common than schizophrenia. It most often affects teens and young adults. Schizophreniform disorder can turn into full-blown schizophrenia even after it’s treated.

Brief psychotic disorder

When someone has it, they suddenly get symptoms like hallucinations and delusions. One possible trigger is extreme stress after things like an accident or the death of a loved one. If you’re a woman, it can happen after you give birth. Sometimes there’s no obvious cause. Usually, your symptoms go away on their own within a month. In some people, brief psychotic disorder turns into schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.

Delusional disorder

In this condition, you have a false sense of reality about one or more of your beliefs. For instance, you might think a friend is plotting to kill you, your partner is cheating, or a celebrity is in love with you. These false beliefs start to affect your everyday life. For example, if you think someone is going to harm you, you might be afraid to leave the house.

Shared psychotic disorder

It’s a rare condition where two people in a relationship have the same untrue belief. For example, a mother and son might both think they’re about to be abducted by aliens. The condition is also called folie à deux, which means “madness between two.”

Facebook
Twitter
WhatsApp
Pinterest
Reddit
Delicious
LinkedIn
Facebook
Twitter
WhatsApp

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

READ NEXT

6 Silent Signs of Gastritis

Gastritis is the inflammation of your stomach lining. Gastroenterologist Taruna Bhatia, MD, medical director of hepatology at CarePoint Health System, explains that if your stomach is burning or aching, you

Symptoms Your Pain Is an Ulcer

About one out of every 10 Americans will suffer from the burning, gnawing abdominal pain of a peptic (or gastric) ulcer at some point in life—and these facts are really

10 Warning Signs of Adult ADHD

A lot of the time it’s not hard to spot ADHD in kids. But adults can have more subtle symptoms. This means many adults struggle with ADHD and may not

5 Symptoms That You’ve Become Dangerously Stressed

Body Aches & Pains According to Everyday Health, when we stress out, our sympathetic nerve system activates the flight-or-fight response. “Blood is then sent to major muscle groups that increase

9 Things People Get Wrong About PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder is much more common than many of us may think. Data suggest an estimated 70% of American adults have experienced some type of traumatic event throughout their

Top 5 Reasons Why Your Feet Are Swollen

You Consume Too Much Salt The sodium in salt is the biggest dietary culprit when it comes to retaining water in general. So it only makes sense that it can

6 Surprising Health Benefits of Eating Watermelon

Watermelon is not just water and sugar—it is nutrient dense food. This delicious fruit provides high levels of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants and just a small number of calories. Also,

6 Possible Causes of Liver Pain

Your liver is an organ that sits under your ribs. It works as your body’s processing plant. Among its more than 500 jobs are to convert food from the small

8 Useful Things Dermatologists Do Every Fall

The fall season means pumpkin-flavored everything, football, flannels, hayrides—and dry skin. Here are skin-care tips from dermatologists to protect your skin during the fall. They exfoliate a little less When

Here’s Why Yawns Are So Contagious

It’s an age-old question: Why is yawning contagious? Countless studies have backed up how yawning is contagious. But an experimental psychologist at the University of Oxford, Rohan Kapitány, wasn’t convinced.

Scroll to Top